Semi-solid metal casting (SSM) is a near net shape variant of die casting. The process is used There are four different processes: thixocasting, rheocasting, thixomolding, and SIMA. SSM is done at a temperature that puts the metal between. In addition, the more uniform distribution of the SiCp, observed in the composites produced by the rheocasting process, delays the grain growth At the same. This paper reviews what we know, and what we do not know, about the rheology of semi-solid metals, and about practical, metal-forming processes.

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Rheocasting – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

This can be attributed to the ability of SiC particulates to adjust themselves in the pores during quenching. For aluminum alloys, typical parts include engine mounts, air manifold sensor harnesses, engine blocks, and oil pump filter housings. Simply, thixotropic fluids flow when sheared, but thicken when standing.

The process later eheocasting into thixocasting, where carefully prepared electromagnetically stirred billets that contain globular alpha aluminum are dispersed within a lower melting point eutectic phase.

The alternative approach is to allow a rheocast billet to solidify fully, to cut it up into slugs of appropriate size, which are heated back to the semisolid condition when required at a later date.

To subdue the violence, the salt-coating approach was adopted for several years; this was later replaced by the use of mixed magnesium powder with a large quantity of calcium oxide [quick lime] which also acted as a flux in the desulfurizing procezs Bieniosek and Zebrowski, Any solid magnesium introduced into the molten hot metal becomes a vapor instantly, which makes the process violent.

In some cases semi-solid castings can compete with forgings. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Obviously, a matrix characterized by a large difference between solidus and liquidus temperatures makes easier to process the composites, especially at the final step.



Within the framework of foundry technologies the presence of defects, procesx and imperfections in the final product are an ever present reality. Thixocasting billets are sold at a premium price, up to twice the ingot-alloy price, and cannot be reused by the die-caster.

At the present time, there is insufficient production experience to determine the extent to which the practical advantages of the process can be translated into economic and technical gains in the marketplace. Induction heating is normally used to re-heat the billets to the semi-solid temperature range, and die casting machines are used to inject the semi-solid material into hardened steels dies.

Primary production of magnesium R.

The Rheo Casting Process | Total Materia Blog

The key to doing this successfully is thermal management of the runner system and the die cavity. However, it is known that the size of the solid spheroids and the viscosity of a slurry are functions of the process variables e.

This allowed to pour a mixture of the fibre and matrix heated up to a temperature within an interval of the existence of a liquid phase in the matrix, in the gap between rollers and to keep a solidification front at a constant position in the processing zone.

Formingfabricationand finishing. Simplicity of the process and facilities, as well as easy shaping have come from liquid state technologies, a possibility to clean fibre surface are from the powder metallurgy. Magnesium is used as a reducing agent making several reactive metals from their compounds — primarily from the halides.

Because thixotropy semi-solid state is a middle state in physical or rheological sense process conditions form a band so narrow even environmental temperature differences have to be considered.

We use cookies to help provide and enhance our rheocssting and tailor content and ads. Recommended articles Citing articles 0. The misfit strains, introduced by the difference in coefficient of thermal expansion between SiC particulates and matrix, are reduced when porosity is present at the interface between the reinforcements and the matrix.

Compocasting, or rheocastingsuggested by Mehrabian et al.

Component shaping directly from SSM slurries is inherently attractive due to its characteristics, such as overall efficiency in production and energy management. So far we may only speculate that the technical advantages of these other applications of Rheocasting will be sufficient to lead to commercial application in the near future. SSM-processing presents an alternative manufacturing route for aerospace, military and especially automotive components.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This was termed rheocastingbut because of the difficulty of matching the production rates of slurry manufacture and die casting, it is no longer considered an attractive route.

In addition to the use of rneocasting magnesium as a chemical reactant, magnesium alloy powders have been formed into structural near net shapes by unique powder metallurgical processing such as thixo-molding or rheocasting.

The Rheo Casting process involves using slurry in a semi solid state with the amount of benefits directly linked to the fraction solid at the time of casting. Defects and anomalies are an everyday challenge within the framework of foundry technologies. There are a number of different techniques to produce semi-solid castings.

Generally, interdendritic shrinkage pores, inclusions, secondary dendrite arm spacing are privileged crack initiation sites, independently of the loading conditions. Neelameggham, in Fundamentals of Magnesium Alloy Metallurgy The process later evolved into Thixocasting, where carefully prepared electromagnetically stirred billets that contain globular alpha aluminum are dispersed within a lower melting point eutectic phase.

Semi-solid metal casting

Comparison of microstructures resulting from various casting processes. Mileiko, in Composite Materials Series A chapter on magnesium production would be incomplete without a section on magnesium or magnesium alloy powder.

The particular distribution and volume fractions of the two phases render the material thixotropic, where its viscosity decreases with shear rate, to enable the mixture to be injected at high rates into a die cavity while maintaining laminar flow.