Undoubtedly the most important wargames book ever published, the von Reisswitz Kriegsspiel rules are unique in that they are rules written by a Prussian . Overly technical rules. The original Kriegsspiel rules for combat are a great piece of history that document real world experience of combat in. Tschischwitz’s version of kriegsspiel was very much like To show these wider deployments, the rules represent.

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In Modern kriegspiel by Bruce Trone inafter each move the player calls seven squares, which must be opened by umpire. Rather, they passed written instructions to umpire as if they were generals in the field sending written orders to their divisions.

Defensive positions with slope of 15 or 20 degrees in front of them. The complete sequence of events within a single turn was as follows: Players were dependent upon the Umpire for information of almost every kind.

Cavalry at the trot also all mounted individuals heavy cavalry reforming or regrouping. oriegsspiel

Reisswitz noted in his introduction to Kriegsspiel how widely results on the drill or practice field could vary from lriegsspiel on the battlefield. Stacking a second set of half-battalion pieces on top of the first two pieces would represent a closed column in column of route for marching. Compass Games 57 members. Leesonamended by author.

So, white should not move either the knight or the bishop, because either might capture the black bishop by accident. Then they should try to make some maneuvers at brigade strength, over a variety of terrain.

Kriegsspiel | General Staff

When the ground was soft or swampy there would be no effect at all. Dice I and II were for use in resolving infantry fire while III and V were used in resolving artillery fire, and all five together to resolve hand to hand combat.

The players control their respective armies by giving instructions to the umpire, who accordingly moves the blocks across the map to represent the troops maneuvering across the battlefield. However, what I was looking for was something simple and fun. It is now flying into a development stage with Bob Best as theā€¦”. Instead of sculpted sand, the battlefield was made out of porcelain tiles, upon which terrain features were depicted in painted bas-relief.


The pins aren’t labelled and thus not tied to any specific block, so it is up to the umpire to decide which block of the relevant type gets discarded. It is almost like the computer gets to play the game and I just sit and watch. Troop formations were represented by little porcelain blocks.

Kriegspiel (chess)

Note that unit strength is obvious 1,2,3 or 4. This column would have a six man front, 12 paces in width, and the column would be paces long. He might also roughly calculate the current strength of his own visible units.

If a unit is out of the enemy army’s line of sight e. As the Umpire placed or moved units ruoes accordance with the written orders and consistent with the rules kregsspiel the situation, he also noted the relative positions of the two forces and identified any units that would be able to see or could be seen by opposing units.

Thus, each block occupied an area on the map that reflected the space the actual troop formation would occupy in the field. This situation is accurately reflected in the game.

Included were comparison tests conducted at Potsdam in of several different infantry muskets used by the Prussians. When the troops attack each other, the umpire will compute casualties mathematically. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your rulss.

The following table prepared by Bill Leeson shows how the Umpire decided which die to kriegssspiel. Handsomely packaged in a nested cardboard box, this version did not require the personal attention of monarchy, nor a team of tinsmiths and carpenters to produce it. He sculpted the sand into a three-dimensional model battlefield, with hills and valleys.

Yes, we lose a little of the hidden intell effect but consider this: Edward Nathan Frankenstein suggested in a variation of the game where one player sees the board and another plays Kriegspiel.

Dense woods were open only to movement by individual officers, messengers, small patrols, and skirmishers. Given the existence of toy soldiers dating back many centuries, their use as the object of military maneuvers probably predates even that any 20th Century boy who ever owned a combination of toy soldiers, magnifying glass, pellet gun, or other engines of destruction can probably attest.


The word kriegsspiel literally means “wargame” in Eules, but in the context riles the English language it refers specifically kriegsspkel the wargames developed by the Prussian army in the 19th century and any foreign wargame patterned after them.

Sign in to chat! Each column has a series of dots that are marked with numbers. Two half-battalion pieces placed adjacent to each other along the short narrow side represented a battalion of infantry in a three rank battle line with the long sides of the two pieces facing front men in all on a man front, standing three men deep. Placing four half-battalion pieces into a single stack represented two battalions in close column of double companies marching in the direction of the long side.

The Player-Commander would be allowed to see friendly and enemy units on the game map that the Umpire concluded could be seen by his units or about which he had received information from subordinate commanders either via couriers whose movement was controlled by the Umpire or in face-to-face conversation.

In this screen capture an order from Marshal Beresford will take 8 minutes of game time to be delivered to ths subordinate commander. A French translation of Reiswitz Jr. After some thought he settled on a scale of 1: Most forms of kriegsspiel involve two teams of players and one umpire gathered around a map.

Different systems and scales emerged over the years. The die faces were based upon a set of possible outcomes, evenly divided between good and bad though variable results.

The Umpire was authorized to modify any given march rate if he deemed it necessary under specific circumstances. The game defines fixed movement rates for each type of unit under various circumstances.